Subjective well-being among street mothers community

Fatwa Tentama, Nina Zulida Situmorang, Fitrianur Fitrianur

Abstract


Street mothers are among the vulnerable groups in society who experience complex problems due to poverty and other economic issues. Street mothers live with their children to seek earnings and work multiple jobs. The well-being of street mothers is distinct from working mothers who work in the office, and thus the goal of this research is to understand the subjective well-being of mothers who work in the streets. This qualitative phenomenological study collected data using a semi-structured interview. Data were collected from 6 street mothers aged 18-40 years living in the dense residence of Kali Code, Yogyakarta. Content analysis was used in this research, and the results showed that street mothers were satisfied with their current lives. Some of the reasons for their satisfaction include having a place to stay, being able to gather with their family every day, having a job, having independent earning, supporting children's education, and meeting their family's needs. This study also found that life satisfaction was associated with feeling satisfied with the self, family life, health, job, and community environment. Furthermore, participants expressed positive affect in the form of happiness when their job and earnings were good when gathering with the family or neighbors when the family is in harmony. The children are obedient when they can meet the needs of the children when they receive unexpected rewards. In contrast, the participants experienced negative affect in the form of guilt when they were unable to make the family happy, disappointed when daily earnings were small, sad when children were not obedient, angry and disappointed about living conditions and worried, anxious, and afraid about the conditions of the workplace.

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v10i2.20615
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