Interactions and mechanisms of phenolic compounds with human immunodeficiency virus-1 Tat protein

Cherry May S. Delos Santos, June Alexis A. Santos, Danilet Vi M. Mendoza


Human immunodeficiency virus remains a serious health threat, with an increase of 24% newly cases globally. Targeting Tat protein is an emerging therapeutic strategy for inhibiting the feedback loop that drives the exponential increase in viral transcription and particle production of the virus. The study aimed to determine the inhibitory potential of phenolic compounds from Ricinus communis L. and Jatropha curcas L., against the Tat C protein using in silico techniques. Phenolic compounds identified from both plants were screened by absorption-distribution-metabolism-excretion (ADME) analysis using drug-likeness prediction. Molecular docking analysis of the compounds with drug-like properties against the receptor and ligand-protein complexes’ analysis and visualization were performed. The results revealed three phenolic compounds with the highest negative binding affinity to the receptor’s active site: ellagic and neochlorogenic acids with - 7.2 kcal/mol and isohemiphloin with -7.3 kcal/mol. The interacting amino acids of the complexes were majorly His13, Lys19, Lys28, Thr64, His65, Gln66, Pro70, Gln72, and Pro73 via non-covalent interactions: hydrogen bonds, hydrophobic, and electrostatic interactions. The identified phenolic compounds provide a core structure that can be candidate for plant-based antiviral drugs development to potentially aiding in the virus’s therapeutic challenge.

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International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS)
p-ISSN: 2252-8806, e-ISSN: 2620-4126

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