Factors Associated with Dengue Fever Prevention Practices (Community Survey in Endemic Areas, Kubu Raya Regency, West Kalimantan Province, Indonesia)

Iskandar Arfan, Ayu Rizky, Andri Dwi Hernawan


Prevention practices and the factors that influence them are important to know for spread control and effective strategic planning. This study aims to find factors related to the practice of preventing dengue fever in people in endemic areas of Kuburaya Regency, West Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. This is an observational study with a cross-sectional design. The research sample was 379 households in endemic areas using a questionnaire. Collecting data using a questionnaire with interviews. Bivariate analysis used chi-square test, multivariate analysis used logistic regression. Most respondents have less prevention practices (59.9%), variables related to dengue fever prevention practices are income, education, knowledge about prevention and health education (mass media), In the regression analysis only variables are education, knowledge about prevention, education mass media health related to dengue fever prevention practices. The results of this study indicate that in formulating an approach to dengue fever prevention, strategies that must be developed in preventing dengue fever are to cultivate prevention practices and increase prevention campaigns using mass media, and can focus on areas that have low education and low knowledge of dengue fever prevention


H. L. Blum, Planning for Health, Development and Aplication of Social Changes Theory. . New York: Human Sciences Press, 1974.

S. Soekiman, Demam Berdarah Dengue-Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever. Sagung Seto, 2012.

World Health Organization. Regional Office for South-East Asia., Comprehensive guidelines for prevention and control of dengue and dengue haemorrhagic fever. World Health Organization Regional Office for South-East Asia, 2011.

WHO, “Dengue and severe dengue,” 2019. https://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/dengue-and-severe-dengue (accessed Mar. 20, 2021).

Dinkes Provinsi KALBAR, “Profil Kesehatan Dinkes Kalbar Tahun 2018,” Pontianak, Kalimantan Barat, 2018.

Dinkes Kubu Raya, “Profil Kesehatan Dinas Kesehatan Kubu raya,” Indonesia, 2018.

Kemenkes RI, Pedoman Pencegahan dan Pengendalian Demam Berdarah Dengue di Indonesia. Jakarta, 2017.

L. P. Wong, S. M. M. Shakir, N. Atefi, and S. AbuBakar, “Factors affecting dengue prevention practices: Nationwide survey of the Malaysian public,” PLoS ONE, vol. 10, no. 4, 2015, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0122890.

A. N. Rakhmani, Y. Limpanont, J. Kaewkungwal, and K. Okanurak, “Factors associated with dengue prevention behaviour in Lowokwaru, Malang, Indonesia: A cross-sectional study,” BMC Public Health, vol. 18, no. 1, May 2018, doi: 10.1186/s12889-018-5553-z.

F. Makrufardi, P. S. Phillabertha, E. L. Safika, and Sungkono, “Factors associated with dengue prevention behaviour in riverbank area: A cross-sectional study,” Annals of Medicine and Surgery, vol. 66, no. June, p. 102450, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.amsu.2021.102450.

M. A. ROSLAN et al., “Survey of dengue knowledge and prevention practices associated with sociodemographic status: A cross-sectional study among the community living in an urban area of selangor, malaysia,” J Am Mosq Control Assoc, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 115–119, 2020, doi: 10.2987/19-6904.1.

L. Udayanga, N. Gunathilaka, M. C. M. Iqbal, K. Pahalagedara, U. S. Amarasinghe, and W. Abeyewickreme, “Socio-economic, Knowledge Attitude Practices (KAP), household related and demographic based appearance of non-dengue infected individuals in high dengue risk areas of Kandy District, Sri Lanka,” BMC Infectious Diseases, vol. 18, no. 1, 2018, doi: 10.1186/s12879-018-2995-y.

M. Syed et al., “Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding dengue fever among adults of high and low socioeconomic groups,” J Pak Med Assoc, vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 243–247, 2010, [Online]. Available: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-77449107816&partnerID=40&md5=c6890af6264bee893b4e180900fff1d6

H. Harapan et al., “Modifiable determinants of attitude towards dengue vaccination among healthy inhabitants of Aceh, Indonesia: Findings from a community-based survey,” Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine, vol. 9, no. 11, pp. 1115–1122, 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.apjtm.2016.07.036.

L. Benítez-Díaz, F. A. Diaz-Quijano, and R. A. Martínez-Vega, “Experience and perception of risk associated with knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding dengue in Riohacha, Colombia ,” Ciencia e Saude Coletiva, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 1137–1146, 2020, doi: 10.1590/1413-81232020253.08592018.

M. S. Rahman et al., “Mapping the spatial distribution of the dengue vector Aedes aegypti and predicting its abundance in northeastern Thailand using machine-learning approach,” One Health, vol. 13, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.onehlt.2021.100358.

W. R. Wan Rosli, S. Abdul Rahman, J. K. Parhar, and M. I. Suhaimi, “Positive impact of educational intervention on knowledge, attitude, and practice towards dengue among university students in Malaysia,” Journal of Public Health (Germany), vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 461–471, 2019, doi: 10.1007/s10389-018-0971-z.

H. Lugova and S. Wallis, “Cross-Sectional Survey on the Dengue Knowledge, Attitudes and Preventive Practices Among Students and Staff of a Public University in Malaysia,” Journal of Community Health, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 413–420, 2017, doi: 10.1007/s10900-016-0270-y.

H. A. Rahman and E. N. Zamri, “Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) of dengue fever prevention among community in Kampung Bayam, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia,” Advances in Environmental Biology, vol. 9, no. 9, pp. 10–16, 2015.


W. M. Alobuia, C. Missikpode, M. Aung, and P. E. Jolly, “Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices Regarding Vector-borne Diseases in Western Jamaica,” Annals of Global Health, vol. 81, no. 5, pp. 654–663, 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.aogh.2015.08.013.

G. K. Basra, S. Rohilla, and S. Singh, “Knowledge, Attitude and Practice regarding Dengue fever among residents of Indira Colony, Ghaziabad,” Journal of Communicable Diseases, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 22–27, 2019, doi: 10.24321/0019.5138.201922.

T. Salak Baiduri, “The KAP Study on Dengue among Community in.” [Online]. Available: http://ijshr.com/IJSHR_Vol.2_Issue.3_July2017/IJSHR005.pdf

S. C. Kaushik, S. Singh, and P. Srivastava, “Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practices in different socio-economic groups of population on control of dengue and its vectors in Delhi,” Journal of Communicable Diseases, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 16–21, 2019, doi: 10.24321/0019.5138.201912.

D. Sarmiento-Senior et al., “Knowledge, attitudes and practices about dengue among pupils from rural schools in Colombia,” Biomedica, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 1–32, 2019, doi: 10.7705/biomedica.v39i3.4255.

C. Sayavong, J. Chompikul, S. Wongsawass, and C. Rattanapan, “Knowledge, attitudes and preventive behaviors related to dengue vector breeding control measures among adults in communities of Vientiane, capital of the Lao PDR,” Journal of Infection and Public Health, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 466–473, 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.jiph.2015.03.005.

M. I. Hossain et al., “Knowledge, awareness and preventive practices of dengue outbreak in Bangladesh: A countrywide study,” PLoS ONE, vol. 16, no. 6 June, 2021, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0252852.

A. H. Bhattarai, G. Y. Sanjaya, A. Khadka, R. Kumar, and R. A. Ahmad, “The addition of mobile SMS effectively improves dengue prevention practices in community: An implementation study in Nepal,” BMC Health Services Research, vol. 19, no. 1, Oct. 2019, doi: 10.1186/s12913-019-4541-z.

S. Das et al., “Knowledge, attitude and prevention practices of garment factory workers regarding the largest Dengue outbreak on record in Bangladesh,” Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, no. 00, pp. 1–9, 2021, doi: 10.1111/tbed.13987.

R. Ahbirami and W. F. Zuharah, “School-based health education for dengue control in kelantan, malaysia: Impact on knowledge, attitude and practice,” PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, vol. 14, no. 3, 2020, doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0008075.

DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v11i4.21784


  • There are currently no refbacks.

International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS)
p-ISSN: 2252-8806, e-ISSN: 2620-4126

View IJPHS Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.