History of Infection and Protein Consumption in Stunting versus Non-Stunting Children in Public Health Center at Rural Area

Akrom Akrom, Titiek Hidayati, Olyvia Wulan Kencana, Nurcholid Umam, Prasasti Bintarum

Abstract


Low protein consumption is a risk factor for infection in children. This study aims to determine the relationship between protein consumption, smoke exposure, and a history of infectious disease in children over two years of age. This study is a case-control study conducted in Public Health center Jetis 1 Yogyakarta. We recruited 80 children with the purposive sampling technique. Data on birth weight and delivery history were taken from medical records and data on patterns of energy, protein, carbohydrate, and fat consumption utilizing a nutritional survey. Different proportions were tested using the Fisher test, and the mean difference was tested using an independent t-test. The results showed that child stunting has lower energy and protein consumption levels than non-stunting children (p = 0.000). The incidence of diarrheal infection, frequency, and duration of illness were more common in stunted than in non-stunted children (p<0.05). Consumption of protein and energy was associated with the incidence of stunting (p<0.05). The conclusion of this research shows differences in the incidence of infection, frequency, length of illness, and hospital stay between stunted and non-stunted children, and a significant association between the consumption of protein and energy with an incidence of stunting in children in rural PHC

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v11i3.21592

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