Repercussions of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Generation and Composition of Medical Waste at Hospital X City of Jakarta, Indonesia

Aura Dhia Rizki Atthar, Mega Muitiara Sari, I Wayan Koko Suryawan, Iva Yenis Septiariva, Sapta Suhardono, Imelda Masni Juniaty Sianipar

Abstract


The COVID-19 pandemic is a global outbreak that also changes the generation of medical waste at Hospital X, Jakarta City. The increasing number of people infected with the Sars-Cov-2 virus indirectly requires the management of infectious waste from patients to be safe and not have the potential to spread. The purpose of this study was to analyze the generation and composition of medical waste at Hospital X, Jakarta City. This study uses direct observation and uses secondary data in the analysis. Meanwhile, to determine the effect of the population infected with Sars-Cov-2 on medical generation, One Way ANOVA analysis was used. Data from May 2020 shows that medical waste generation increased from 25.6 kg/month to 192.3 kg/month. The ANOVA significance test showed a value of 0.013, this indicates that the number of the infected population significantly affects the generation of medical waste. Medical waste that can be found during a pandemic becomes more complex, including hazmat clothes, masks, gloves, medical headgear, used bandages, injection and infusion equipment, eating and drinking utensils for patients exposed to COVID-19, and used swab and rapid test equipment.

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v11i3.21517

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