Psychological Well-being Impacts of University Students on Online Learning during the COVID-19 Pandemic

NOR SHAFRIN AHMAD, AZIAH ISMAIL, ZUHDA HUSAIN

Abstract


Online learning has been implemented by universities in Malaysia during the COVID-19 pandemic. This long-time remote learning is very challenging to some university students. The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of psychological well-being on depression, anxiety and stress of university students on online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. The quantitative data were collected from 325 students from a university in the northern part of Peninsular Malaysia. The survey was conducted online through Google Forms. Two instruments were used, they were Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale (DASS-21) and the Psychological Well-Being Scale (PWBS-8). Descriptive and inferential analysis were used to analyse the data. The study found that 34.9% of the students were depressed, 60.9% were anxious, and 32% were stressed. Psychological Well-Being (PWB) was also connected to university students' despair, anxiety, and stress. 23 percent of the variability in PWB effected on university students’ depression, anxiety and stress. This finding demonstrates the magnitude of burden that university students now bear during online learning. Therefore, higher education institutions can play a fundamental role in assisting students to cope with their depression, anxiety and stress.  Authorities should also prioritise determining appropriate student facilities and resources. Structured programmes for distress reduction and blended learning are suggested to be implemented in teaching and learning.  


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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v11i3.21413

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