Scabies among 5 to 14 years aged Children, in Boricha District, Sidama Zone, Southern, Ethiopia

Hailemichael Mulugeta, Desta Marmara, Steven Thygerson, Adane Ermias

Abstract


Scabies diseases is common and unacceptable among young children in developing countries including Ethiopia. This study assessed the prevalence and factors associated with scabies among 5–14-year-old children in Boricha District, Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia. Multi-stage sampling was employed and children were examined for scabies followed by parent interviews. Descriptive statistic and multivariable analyses were used. Among 590 selected school age children, the prevalence of scabies was 98 (16.6%) [95% CI: 13.6-19.7]. No formal education status of mothers [3.20 , 95% CI (1.03-9.90)],  poor household wealth index [3.14, 95% CI (1.10-8.91)], children age 10-14  years [1.84, 95% CI (1.02-3.323)], practice of sharing a bed with a person who had itching lesion [3.38, 95% CI (1.51-7.58)], skin contact with person who had itching lesion [11.67, 95% CI (5.07-26.9)], family member with itchy signs [12.7, 95% CI (5.3-30.6)], frequency of bath once  more than every two weeks [3.52, 95% CI (1.46-8.74)] were significantly associated with the scabies diseases. The prevalence of scabies in the study area was substantially high. Family Socioeconomic characteristics and hygiene practice were associated with scabies. Preventions should be focused on economic empowerment and hygiene-related interventions.


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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v11i3.21395

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