Risk factors of quality of life in tuberculosis patients: Sleman Regency, Indonesia

Liena Sofiana, Suci Musvita Ayu, Yuniar Wardani, Evelyn Puspaningrum, Dinda Dwi Hadianti

Abstract


Indonesia ranks third with the highest burden of tuberculosis (TB) in the world. Therefore, Indonesia still has problems related to tuberculosis control by contributing 8% of tuberculosis cases in the world. The case findings were in 2018 and found 1,016 people with positive smear as many as 436 TB disease can have an impact that affects the quality of life of patients. The purpose of this study was to analyze the risk factors to the quality of life of TB patients in Sleman Regency, Special Region of Yogyakarta, Indonesia. This research is an analytic observational study with a cross-sectional design. Respondents of the study were 2nd trimester TB patients who were still undergoing treatment at all Puskesmas in Sleman Regency, DIY in 2020. Sampling was conducted using purposive sampling technique. Quality of life was measured using the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire, and questionnaires for knowledge, self-efficacy, family support and medication adherence were measured using the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale. Data analysis was performed using the chi-square test. Factors related to the quality of life of TB patients were self-efficacy (sig= 0.013; RP= 2.295) and medication adherence (sig= 0.014; RP= 8.333). Factors not related to the quality of life of TB patients were knowledge (sig= 0.384; RP= 0.709) and family support (sig= 0.227; RP= 0.419). Self-efficacy and medication adherence are risk factors for quality of life in tuberculosis patients in Sleman Regency, Yogyakarta Special Region.



DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v11i3.21005

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International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS)
p-ISSN: 2252-8806, e-ISSN: 2620-4126

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