The influence of smart mother classes (SMC) toward stress, childbirth self-efficacy (CBSE), and birth outcomes

Runjati Runjati, Sri Rahayu, Dhita Aulia Octaviani

Abstract


Coping efforts during pregnancy are significant in influencing better pregnancy and birth outcomes. This study aims to prove the influence of SMC on stress, CBSE, and birth outcomes. This research used an experimental design, pre- post-test control group design. The population was all pregnant women at 28-35 weeks of pregnancy in Semarang City. The sample was chosen by cluster random sampling, where 35 health centers in 12 regions were randomized: 6 regions (n=60) as intervention group (antenatal class and coping skill as smart mother classes) and 6 regions (n=60) as the control group (antenatal class only). Each region runs one class with 10 pregnant women. The groups were treated four times in four weeks. The measurement was before the treatment, fourth week, and at birth. This study used repeated-measures ANOVA. The results showed that the SMC was influenced significantly in reducing stress with a value of p <0.05 (p = 0.012), and increasing CBSE but not significant (p> 0.05). SMC also has a significant impact on the outcomes of birth (p-value <0.05), except the time of the first stage of labor (p value> 0.05). The study concludes, there is a need for the provision of continuity and holistic midwifery care.



DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v11i3.20756

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International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS)
p-ISSN: 2252-8806, e-ISSN: 2620-4126

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