Prevalence of malnutrition among under five children in Al-nohoud province Western Kordufan, Sudan. A community base cross sectional study.

Ahmed Elnadif Elmanssury

Abstract


Background: Malnutrition remains one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality among children throughout the world.

Objectives: This study aimed to assess prevalence of malnutrition and associated factors among children aged 6–59 months in Alnohoud, west kordufan state, Sudan, to determine the risk factors associated with chronic malnutrition among children under five years

Methods: A community based cross sectional study was conducted on 768 children aged 6–59 months in Alnohoud, west kordufan state, Sudan. A three-stage cluster sample design was used to select sectors, blocks and households. Anthropometric measurements and structured questionnaires were used to collect data. Bivariate and multivariate analysis was done by using SPSS version 22.

Results: This study indicated that the prevalence of underweight, stunting and wasting was16.7%, 13.5% and 17.6%, respectively. Two thirds (67%) %) of the affected children were 24 months. Female children were more underweight than male children. A higher proportion of mothers of malnourished children, as compared to those with healthy children, were housewives, attained lower educational level. This study noted that Age of mothers, mother’s educational level and family income significantly associated with malnutrition among children under five years respectively (p= .000, X2 = 57.40) (p= .004, X2 = 41.00) (p= .000, X2 = 32.74).

Conclusion: This study indicated that child malnutrition was high among under-five children, whish reveals that 17.6% of children were wasted (WHZ < _2), 13.5% were stunted (HAZ < _2), and 16.7% were underweight (WAZ < _2). Wasting, stunting, and underweight were significantly associated with age group. Differences between sex was highly statistical significant for stunting, wasting/thinness and underweight. Mother’s age, mother’s educational level and family income are significantly associated with malnutrition among children under five years.


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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v9i4.20520
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