Evaluation of cerebrovascular disease risk with carotid ultrasonography imaging in artificial intelligence framework

Rivan Danuaji, Subandi Subandi, Stefanus Erdana Putra, Muhammad Hafizhan


Carotid plaque is a biomarker of generalized atherosclerosis, and may predict ischemic stroke. Carotid intima-media thickness (C-IMT) measurement with ultrasonography imaging could capture the condition of carotid plaque. However, manual measurement of C-IMT is observer- dependent, resulting in observer bias and low reproducibility. In this study, we develop artificial intelligence (AI) framework that could automatically measure the C-IMT, and compared it with C-IMT measured by board of expert. This is a retrospective study done in Dr. Moewardi General Hospital, Surakarta, Indonesia. Carotid B-mode ultrasonography images were measured by panel of expert and by AI. After annotation process on Neurabot platform, AI could detect region of interest (ROI), and would do segmentation on the area to measure C-IMT autonomously. Dependent T-test was used to evaluate validity, and Cronbach’s alpha was used to find the reliability of C-IMT measured by panel of expert and AI. There was strong correlation (r=0.874; p=0.014) on dependent t-test for C-IMT measured by AI with C-IMT measured by board of expert. The internal consistency reliability coefficients (Cronbach’s alpha) were 0.938 and 0.909, for pretest and posttest, respectively. We also analyzed the test-retest reliability by comparing pretest and posttest score with dependent t-test, and we observed strong correlation with r=0.871 (p=0.000). AI developed on Neurabot platform are valid and reliable to measure C-IMT.

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v12i2.22285


International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS)
p-ISSN: 2252-8806, e-ISSN: 2620-4126

This journal is published by the Intelektual Pustaka Media Utama (IPMU) in collaboration with Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science (IAES).

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