Does mouthwash degrade the force of orthodontic latex elastics?

Ananto Ali Alhasyimi, Sri Suparwitri, Niswati Fathmah Rosyida

Abstract


With the surge of COVID-19 pandemic, orthodontists have recommended the use of mouthwashes. However, this product often includes substances that change the pH of the oral environment and potentially alter orthodontic elastic force. This study aimed to investigate the effect of several mouthwashes on the force decay of latex elastics. A total of 100 orthodontic latex elastics (1/4”) were separated into five groups: control, zinc sulfate 0.2%, chlorhexidine 0.2%, sodium fluoride 0.2%, and povidone–iodine 1%. The samples were all stretched to 19.05 mm, stored in artificial saliva solutions, and housed in an incubator. Every 12 hours, the specimens from groups 2–5 were immersed in the test mouthwashes for 60 seconds and immediately returned to the artificial saliva. A tension gauge with five times that of the activation was used to measure force. Elastic force was tested at five-time intervals: baseline, 1, 6, 12 and 24 hours. Statistical analysis was conducted using two-way ANOVA and Tukey post hoc test. Results showed statistical differences for the time intervals and force degradation of orthodontic latex elastics (P<0.05). The majority of force loss occurred within 6 hours of extension and immersion. Mouthwashes had no influence on the reduction in elastic force (P>0.05). The force degradation of orthodontic latex elastics was unaffected by mouthwashes. The lowest force degradation was generated by povidone–iodine, followed by zinc sulfate, sodium fluoride, and chlorhexidine.

References


T.A. Arianda, P. Rezqita, P.S. Pudyani, N.F. Rosyida, A.A. Alhasyimi, “Effect of Cocoa Administration on Osteoblast Counts and Alkaline Phosphatase Levels During Orthodontic Tooth Movement in Rats”. J Orofac Sci. Vol.12, pp.101-6, 2020.

I.G.A.W. Ardani, B. Susanti, I. Djaharu’ddin. “Force degradation trend of latex and nonlatex orthodontic elastics after 48 hours stretching”. Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry. Vol.10, pp.211-220 2018.

P. Kanchana, K. Godfrey. “Calibration of force extension and force degradation characteristics of orthodontic latex elastics”. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. Vol.118, pp. 280-7.

M.L. Kersey, K.E. Glover, G. Heo, Raboud D, Major PW. A comparison of dynamic and static testing of latex and nonlatex orthodontic elastics. Angle Orthod 2003; 73:181-6.

E. Braga, G. Souza, P. Barretto, C. Ferraz, M. Pithon. “Experimental evaluation of strength degradation of orthodontic chain elastics immersed in hot beverages”. J Indian Orthod Soc vol. 53, pp. 244-8, 2020.

P. Kanchana, K. Godfrey. Calibration of force extension and force degradation characteristics of orthodontic latex elastics. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. Vol.118, pp. 280–7, 2000.

I.B. Narmada, R.A. Baya, T. Hamid. “Nickel and Chromium Ions Release from Stainless Steel Bracket Immersed in Fluoridated”. J Int Dent Med Res. Vol.11, No.1, pp. 294-298, 2018.

I.B. Narmada, N.T. Sudarno, A. Sjafei, Y. Setiyorini. “The influence of artificial salivary pH on nickel ion release and the surface morphology of stainless steel bracket-nickel-titanium archwire combinations.” Dental Journal (Majalah Kedokteran Gigi). Vol.50, No.2, pp. 80–85, 2017.

I.G.A.W Ardani, M. Nilam, H.A Puspita, I.B. Narmada. “Effectiveness of toothpaste containing pyrophosphate and papain to inhibit calculus formation in patient using fixed orthodontic appliance”. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. Vol.12, No.8, pp.3797-3801, 2019.

F.A Rantam, V.D Kharisma, C. Sumartono, J. Nugraha, A.Y. Wijaya, H. Susilowati, S. Kuncorojakti, A.P. Nugraha. “Molecular docking and dynamic simulation of conserved B cell epitope of SARS-CoV-2 glycoprotein Indonesian isolates: an immunoinformatic approach”. F1000Res. Vol16, No.10:Chem Inf Sci, pp.813, 2021, doi: 10.12688/f1000research.54258.1.

A.P. Nugraha, D. Rahmadhani, M.S. Puspitaningrum, Y. Rizqianti, V.D. Kharisma, D.S. Ernawati. “Molecular docking of anthocyanins and ternatin in Clitoria ternatea as coronavirus disease oral manifestation therapy”. J Adv Pharm Technol Res. Vol.12, No.4, pp.362-367. 2021, doi: 10.4103/japtr.japtr_126_21.

M. Omidkhoda, R. Rashed, N. Kodarahmi. “Evaluation of the effects of three different mouthwashes on the force decay of orthodontic chains”. Dent Res J (Isfahan). Vol.12, pp. 348-52, 2015.

E. Sufarnap, K.I. Harahap, Terry. “Effect of sodium fluoride in chlorhexidine mouthwashes on force decay and permanent deformation of orthodontic elastomeric chain”. Padjajaran J Dent.Vol.33, pp. 74-80, 2021.

M.P. Dittmer, A.P. Demling, L. Borchers, M. Stiesch, P. Kohorst, R. Schwestka-Polly. “The influence of simulated aging on the mechanical properties of orthodontic elastomeric chains without an intermodular link”. J Orofac Orthop Vol.73, pp.289–97. 2012.

N.F. Ramadhani, A.P. Nugraha, D. Rahmadani, M.S. Puspitaningrum, Y. Rizqianti, V.D. Kharisma, T.N.E.B.T.A. Noor, R.D. Ridwan, D.S. Ernawati, A.P. Nugraha. “Anthocyanin, tartaric acid, ascorbic acid of roselle flower (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) for immunomodulatory adjuvant therapy in oral manifestation coronavirus disease-19: An immunoinformatic approach”. J Pharm Pharmacogn Res. Vol.10, No.3, pp. 418–428. 2022.

M. Macedo, G.C. Venezian, J. Guilherme Neves, V.F. Furletti de Goés, M.Vedovello-Filho, L. Correr-Sobrinho, A. Rosa Costa.

“Evaluation of latex and non-latex intermaxillary elastics strength degradation when submitted to the use of chlorhexidine”. Orthod Wave. Vol.80, pp. 1-6, 2020.

M.B. Evangelista, D.Z. Berzins, P. Monaghan. “Effect of disinfecting solutions on the mechanical properties of orthodontic elastomeric ligatures”. Angle Orthod. Vol.77, pp.681-7. 2007.

L. Yang, C. Lv, F. Yan, J. Feng. “Force degradation of orthodontic latex elastics analyzed in vivo and in vitro”. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. Vol.157, pp.313–9. 2020.

D.J. Fernandes, G.M.A. Fernandes, F. Artese, C.N. Elias, A.M. Mendes. “Force extension relaxation of medium force orthodontic latex elastics”. Angle Orthod. Vol.81, pp.812-9. 2021.

S.S.M. Al –Obaidy, G.M. Greenway, V.N. Paunov. “Enhanced antimicrobial action of chlorhexidine loaded in shellac nanoparticles with cationic surface functionality”. Pharmaceutics. Vol.13, pp. 1389. 2021.

A. Khaleghi, A. Ahmadvand, S. Sadeghian. “Effect of citric acid on force decay of orthodontic elastomeric chains”. Dent Res J, Vol.18, pp. 31-7, 2021.

R. Bescos, A. Ashworth, C. Cutler. “Effects of chlor hexidine mouthwash on the oral microbiome”. Sci Rep. Vol. 10, pp. 5254. 2021.

S. Kohjiya, Y. Ikeda. “Chemistry, Manufacture and Applications of Natural Rubber”. 2nd ed; Elsevier science: USA; pp. 155–156. 2021.

A.A. Basik, J.J. Sanglier, C.T. Yeo, K. Sudesh. “Microbial degradation of rubber: actinobacteria”. Polymers. Vol.13, pp. 1989, 2021.

T. Zheng, X. Zhenga, S. Zhana, J. Zhou, S. Liao. “Study on the ozone aging mechanism of natural rubber”. Polym. Degrad Stab. Vol.186, pp. 10951. 2021

P. Andhare, S. Datana, S.S. Agarwal, S.S. Chopra. “Comparison of in vivo and in vitro force decay of elastomeric chains/modules: a systematic review and meta analysis”. J World Fed Orthod Vol.10, pp.155-62, 2021.




DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v11i4.21923

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS)
p-ISSN: 2252-8806, e-ISSN: 2620-4126

View IJPHS Stats

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.