Colchicine as adjuvant therapy in COVID-19 patients: a meta-analysis

Betty Rachma, Probo Yudha Pratama Putra, Dinda Amalia Eka Putri, Zakiya Zulaifah, Arlinda Silva Prameswari

Abstract


SARS-CoV-2 infection results in hyperinflammatory responses by activating proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines. Colchicine is an anti-inflammatory drug that reduces superoxide production, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) activation, and neutrophil chemotaxis. This study aimed to understand the effect of adjuvant colchicine on mortality in COVID-19 patients. Systematic literature searching was conducted on PubMed, ScienceDirect, Cochrane Library, and medRxiv with keywords colchicine, coronavirus disease, COVID-19, mortality, and SARS-CoV-2. Five randomized controlled studies with 15,779 patients were included. There was no significant difference between the colchicine group and the standard group (OR 1.00 [95% CI 0.91-1.09], p=0.94); invasive mechanical ventilation necessity also did not show a significant difference (OR 0.99 [95% CI 0.83-1.17 p=0.88). There was no significant difference in the incidence of cardiovascular disease (OR 1.11 [95% CI 0.50-2.46], p=0.79), also the incidence of pneumonia was lower in colchicine group (OR 0.68 [95% CI 0.49-0.93], p=0.02), while the incidence of gastrointestinal complaints was higher in colchicine group (OR 2.09 [95% CI 1.84-2.37], p<0.00001). Colchicine as COVID-19 adjuvant therapy did not significantly reduce mortality, the need for invasive mechanical ventilation, and the incidence of cardiovascular disease. Furthermore, the colchicine group had lower pneumonia incidence and higher gastrointestinal complaint incidence.

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v11i4.21837

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International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS)
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