Burnout among nurses working in cOVID-19 pandemic

Tri Ismu Pujiyanto, Fery Agusman Motuho Mendrofa, Umi Hani


Nurses are most at risk of developing burnout, due to the characteristic of their work and expending most of their working time in contact with the patients. This study aimed to describe burnout among nurses working during COVID-19 using nurses' demographic characteristics. This observational cross-sectional study involved 149 nurses from some hospitals and public health centers in Semarang using an online questionnaire from May 1st to June 15th. Primary data were collected using Maslach Burnout Inventory including emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. The study showed that 63,6% of nurses in the COVID-19 unit were at high levels of EE, 56,3% of them were at high levels of DP, and 46,7% of them are at high levels of RPA. Education was the only demographic factor that was significantly related to EE and DP (p<0,05) with a weak correlation. The work environment and the reduced anxiety-related factors were not significantly correlated with the RPA with a very weak correlation, while the nurses’ unit was significantly correlated with DP (p<0,05) with a very weak correlation. The results found that burnout develops among nurses due to the work environment-related factors such as the unit of work, corona-infected patients, personal protective equipment usage, and the specific characteristics of the workplace. Nurses’ characteristics affect their ability to manage the workload even in a pandemic. Nurses need optimal supports to build their self-efficacy. The organizational efforts play an important role in strengthening nurses to prevent burnout.

DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v11i1.21267


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International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS)
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