Assessment of mental health conditions among working class people during COVID-19 pandemic: insights from Dhaka South City, Bangladesh

Al Jamal Mustafa Shindaini, Afroza Irin, MD Mahbubur Rahman, Sajia Afrin

Abstract


The recent COVID-19 virus caused unprecedented vulnerabilities in the physical and mental health conditions of people across the world. This research attempts to explore the effect of COVID-19 on the mental health, sleeping patterns and professional atmosphere of the working people of Dhaka South City (DSC) in Bangladesh.. We applied a range of tools of a quantitative method to carry out the present study. The data were collected from purposively selected 139 respondents from DSC. A structured questionnaire was prepared and disseminated among the sampled respondents through online platforms in October 2020.  Employing the DASS 21 scale, the study revealed that depression (82.7%), anxiety (87.8%), stress (77.7%) and sleep disturbance (56.1%) occurred due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the study area. In addition, the paper found that respondents faced difficulty concentrating on work (p<0.05), felt workload pressure, and experienced shaky mental conditions (p<0.05) accompanied by mild to extremely severe conditions of depression, stress, and anxiety. Statistical analysis (Pearson chi-square test) showed that socio-demographic aspects and COVID-19 factors significantly impacted mental health conditions among the respondents. The evidence-based findings recommended that providing low-intensity psychological interventions and mental health strategies are needed to lessen sufferings for the target population.

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International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS)
p-ISSN: 2252-8806, e-ISSN: 2620-4126

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