Physical activity and anxiety with complaints of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) in adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic

Ni Ketut Alit Armini, Arinda Naimatuz Zahriya, Laily Hidayati, Kartika Indaswari Dewi


Premenstrual syndrome is a menstrual cycle disorder that often appears in women. As a result of the Covid-19 virus pandemic, the School from Home program was implemented, which could affect physical activity and anxiety and therefore increase the incidence of PMS. This research objective was to analyze the relationship between physical activity and anxiety with premenstrual syndrome in adolescents. The research method used a cross-sectional design. The population was 221 adolescent girls in eighth-grade Junior High School 17th Surabaya. A consecutive sampling technique was used to select the 143 respondents. The independent variables were physical activity and anxiety. The dependent variable was premenstrual syndrome. The data was collected using a questionnaire and analyzed using the Spearman Rho test with a level of significance α<0,05. The results showed no significant correlation between physical activity and PMS in adolescents and that there was a significant correlation between anxiety and PMS in adolescents (p=0.000; r=0,463). Physical activity is not the only factor for PMS. Hormonal changes are one of the causes of PMS. Adolescents with anxiety have a higher risk of PMS, so the higher level of anxiety, the more severe the symptoms of PMS are felt.



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International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS)
p-ISSN: 2252-8806, e-ISSN: 2620-4126

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