Analysis of factors correlated to diabetes type 2 patients’ physical activity

Aby Yazid Al Busthomy Rofi'i, Su'udi Su'udi

Abstract


Physical activity is an important strategy for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. However, the recommended physical activity is related to physical barriers in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. Type 2 diabetes mellitus sufferers experience lower physical activity performance  compared to healthy individuals. Furthermore, type 2 diabetes mellitus patients showed lower scores in energy use, number of steps and duration of physical activity when compared to individuals who did not suffer from type 2 diabetes mellitus. This study aimed to identify factors that affected physical activity among diabetes type 2 patients. A cross-sectional design was used in this study. This study was conducted in Kabupaten Tuban, East Java, Indonesia. A total of 105 diabetes type 2 patients followed the program Prolanis from the Community Health Center. Data was collected using paper-based questionnaires, which were aslked the demographic characteristics, knowledge about physical activity, diabetes management self-efficacy, and International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) during March to October, 2020. Ordinal logistic regression was used to examine the factors that affected physical activity of diabetes type 2 patients . This study found that complication, knowledge and self-efficacy has significantly affected physical activity among diabetes type 2 patients. The regression model showed that those three factors were contributing to 74,4% of physical activity level. Patients with no complication were 75,6 times more likely to have higher level of physical activity . Patients with less knowledge about physical activity and less diabetes management self-efficacy were 7,05 and 25,56 times more likely to have a lower level of physical activity, respectively. The research shows that there are three factors that influence the physical activity of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, namely presence of complications, knowledge about physical activity and diabetes management self-efficacy. This information can be used to develop nursing care interventions and approaches by nurses and other health care providers  to increase the physical activity of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.



DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v11i2.21154

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International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS)
p-ISSN: 2252-8806, e-ISSN: 2620-4126

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