The effectivity of banana leaf-filtered cloth face masks as an alternative protection during the pandemic

Mohamad Saifudin Hakim, Mumtihana Muchlis, Fitra Duhita, Rita Dian Pratiwi

Abstract


The main transmission route of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is through individual droplets of respiratory secretions. Accordingly, the most basic preventive measure is wearing a face mask. Since the issue of medical waste during the pandemic is concerning, developing face masks made of reusable and biodegradable materials is necessary. This study aimed to develop "do-it-yourself" face masks and test the effectiveness of banana leaf-filtered cloth face masks. The design development was conducted by a series of trials for making a mask pattern that can be applied to the cloth. Then, we performed bacterial filtration efficiency (BFE) and water resistance tests to investigate the effectiveness of banana leaf-filtered cloth-based face masks. The dimensions of the developed face mask are 20x18 cm, with a semi-duckbill model, consisting of three layers of washable cotton cloth and a pocket designed for the banana leaf filter. Among 34 leaf-filtered face masks, 61.8% showed water resistance abilities. Based on the BFE test, the leaf-filtered face masks contained significantly fewer bacteria (the average of 0.417x103 cfu/cm2) compared to the cloth face masks without additional leaf filter (30x103 cfu/cm2). Thus, banana leaf-filtered cloth face masks could be considered as alternative protection during the pandemic.

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v11i1.21075

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International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS)
p-ISSN: 2252-8806, e-ISSN: 2620-4126

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