The effectiveness of “Peka Beraksi” programs in improving self-efficacy to prevent the risky sexual behavior in adolescents

Valen Fridolin Simak, Etty Rekawaty, Dwi Cahya Rahmadiyah

Abstract


Risky sexual behavior is a health problem among adolescents whose cases continue to increase along with technological developments. It needs to be overcome by increasing self-efficacy among adolescents. Nursing intervention “PEKA BERAKSI” is one of many solutions to overcome this problem. The purpose of the abbreviation is to provide an overview and influence of the implementation of “PEKA BERAKSI”, which stands for PEndidikan kesehatan, Kontrol orang tuA, pemBERdayaAn, Keterampilan negosiaSI (health education, parental monitoring, empowerment, negotiation skills), on self-efficacy in adolescents in order to prevent risky sexual behavior. This study used quasi-experimental design with pre and posttest without control group method. The intervention involved 275 students in grade 10 and grade 11 and was implemented in 16 meetings for 10 weeks. The instrument used to measure the variables of Self-efficacy was measured with the instrument developed by researchers and has gone through a trial process. The variable sexual risky Behaviour was measured with the instrument Sexual Risk Survey (SRS). Data were analyzed using the paired t-test. The Finding Showed that there was a significant difference in self-efficacy in adolescents in preventing risky sexual behavior before and after the intervention 0.001; CI 95%. The results of statistical tests found a p value of 0.006; CI 95% which means that there is a significant effect between the PEKA BERAKSI intervention and risky sexual behavior. Based on these results, recommended for community nursing services to make the innovation program as a program development that focuses health education for adolescents and health promotion at schools through the involvement of all aspects across programs, sectors, and levels of government. Furthermore, it is recommended that education offices and schools make data on the results of this intervention as basic data in developing school health clinics and integrating subjects with health education for adolescents



DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v11i1.20960

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International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS)
p-ISSN: 2252-8806, e-ISSN: 2620-4126

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