The risk level for individuals to suffering from non-communicable diseases based on CERDIK behavior

Suprajitno Suprajitno, Sri Mugianti

Abstract


The use of tobacco, inactivity, alcohol consumption, and an unbalanced diet are factors that cause non-communicable diseases and are considered behavioral factors. Behavior includes knowledge, attitudes, and practice about CERDIK (periodic health checks, getting rid of cigarettes, regular physical activity, a balanced healthy diet, adequate rest, and managing stress) and  can be used as a way to measure the risk of an individual suffering from non-communicable diseases. The purpose of this study is to describe the individual risk of suffering from non-communicable diseases based on the CERDIK behavior. This qualitative study used a cross-sectional design. A sample of 238 individuals who visited fast food restaurants in Blitar were selected by simple random sampling. Data collection used a CERDIK behavior questionnaire consisted of 20 knowledge questions, 29 attitude statements, and 20 practice statements. Data collection was conducted in July - August 2020. The risk of individuals suffering from non-communicable diseases in the low category was 8.4%, 81.1% moderate, and 10.5% high. Practice has an important role in individuals at risk of suffering from non-communicable diseases and most individuals are in the moderate category, while a small proportion are in the low and high risk category. It is hoped that health workers routinely and continuously campaign for CERDIK behavior as an effort to prevent non-communicable diseases.



DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v11i1.20947

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International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS)
p-ISSN: 2252-8806, e-ISSN: 2620-4126

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