Health beliefs of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with the use of herbs as a complement to self-care

Anita Joeliantina, Hepta Nur Anugrahini, Jujuk Proboningsih

Abstract


Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 patients who have a tendency to use herbs, are based on the patient's health belief that herbal medicine is a natural ingredient that has efficacy and is safe. This study aimed to explore health beliefs as predictors of herbal use as a complement to diabetes self-care. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 230 patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus who had been clinically diagnosed, received medical treatment and used herbs. The data was collected using a questionnaire at seven Community Health Centers (Puskesmas) in Surabaya City. Data analysis using Partial Least Square. The indicator of health belief variables has a loading factor value>0.5: perceived vulnerability and severity (0.820), perceived benefits (0.739), perceived barriers (0.822), sense of self-efficacy (0.695). Health beliefs have a significant effect on the use of herbs as a complement to diabetes self-care, the value of T>1.97 (T>10.07). Health beliefs consisting of perceived vulnerability and severity, perceived benefits, perceived inhibition, and perceived self-efficacy were strong predictors associated with the use of herbs as a complement to diabetes self-care. Nurses as part of health workers must pay attention to patient health beliefs in providing education to patients.



DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v10i2.20729

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International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS)
p-ISSN: 2252-8806, e-ISSN: 2620-4126

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