Mattering and Life Satisfaction among the Quarantined Adults in Malaysia during the Covid-19 Pandemic

Kususanto Ditto Prihadi, Edward S.Z. Lim, EeVonne Sim, Kam Yan Chong

Abstract


This study aims to investigate the mental health stability among adults who reside in Malaysia during the quarantine period amidst the COVID-19 Pandemic in March-June 2020, specifically the perception of life satisfaction, related to the sense of mattering, trait extraversion and perceived social inclusion. Studies have established the robustness of mattering in predicting life satisfaction even after controlling perceived social inclusion and any personality traits in a non-pandemic environment; however, the fact that most adults had their face-to-face social interaction significantly reduced by the quarantine led us to hypothesize that individuals with higher sense of mattering and extraversion would be more likely to believe that they are socially included, and this belief would eventually predict their levels of life satisfaction.  Data was collected at two points of the quarantine period, the first two weeks (N=240) and the last two weeks (N=109) from different participants. Bootstrap analysis results suggested that in the first two weeks, perceived social inclusion significantly mediated the link between mattering and life satisfaction among participants with higher extraversion; in the last two weeks, mediation occurred to participants with all levels of extraversions. Scope, limitations, implications and suggestions are discussed at the end of this paper.

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v10i1.20684
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