Quality of Self-Management of Diabetics

Rapitos Sidiq


Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that has very high morbidity and mortality rate. This disease cannot be cured but can be controlled with good self-management. This research purposes to determine the quality of self-management diabetics at community health centers in Padang City in 2019. The study was descriptive-analytic with a sample of 105 people with diabetes. Data collection was carried out from July to November 2019 at 7 Puskesmas in Padang City, namely: Nanggalo, Lapai, Alai, Andalas, Ambacang and Kuranji and Pauh. Data were collected by interviews and processed by the stages of coding, editing, tabulating, and transferring. Data were analyzed by bivariate and multivariate analysis (chi-square and logistic regression) with a significant level of 0.05 (5%). The results showed that 60% of the quality of self-management in the category of good, factors that significantly affect the quality of self-management namely physical exercise/sports (p-value=0.003) Education (p-value=0.006) and regularity of taking medication (p-value=0.021). The quality of self-management is largely good and physical exercise/exercise factors greatly affect the quality of self-management of people with diabetes mellitus. Need to be followed up on aspects of stress or emotional management especially in diabetics  who do not participate in prolanis activities.



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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v10i1.20576
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