Community Efforts in Early Handling Post-Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) Cases of Rabies Animal Bite Transmission (GHPR): Systematic Review

Tanti Marjiana Purwanto, Asti Melani Astari, Lilik Zuhriyah

Abstract


Background: Rabies is a very fatal zoonotic disease, caused by a virus that enters the body after the bite of an infected animal, and migrates to the brain. Management of rabies animal bite transmission (GHPR) with post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) is the most important strategy for preventing rabies-related mortality. GHPR victims need the right PEP. Effective post-exposure provision depends on good individual awareness about rabies and access to health services.

Objective: To find out the efforts made by the community in raising public awareness to get PEP by doing initial handling after GHPR appropriately.

Methods: This systematic review begins by identifying the literature on scientific articles that have been published in 2014-2019 in international databases namely Proquest, ScienceDirect, Springer and Ebsco. Selection is done by PRISMA flow diagram and selected using JBI checklist format tools.

Result: 9 relevant articles were obtained to be analyzed into a systematic review, namely 4 articles from the Proquest database, 2 articles from the ScienceDirect database and 3 articles from the Ebsco database.

Discussion: Community efforts in initial treatment of victims exposed to GHPR are immediately carried out by applying wound washing, providing antiseptics and immediately to health care facilities to get further treatment.

Conclusion: PEP is carried out immediately in the community when the victim is exposed. However, there are still people who do not wash wounds or do improper washing, use traditional medicines on wounds and visit traditional healers.



DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v10i1.20557
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International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS)
p-ISSN: 2252-8806, e-ISSN: 2620-4126

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