Community Mental Health Nursing Training and Self-Concept Assessment Guideline on Body Image Quality Increase of Patients with Mental Disorders

Ibrahim Rahmat, Mohammad Hakimi, Soewadi Soewadi

Abstract


Mental health disorder can be triggered by natural disasters which affect the physical, mental, social, and spiritual problems leading to psychosocial issues such as body-image problem. Body-image is a basic need of human being to fulfill and therefore, the multidisciplinary party, doctor, nurse, and family should have sufficient knowledge regarding this issue. Increasing knowledge by participating in training on Community Mental Health Nursing (CMHN) and  using Self-Concept Assessment Guidelines can be performed to address body-image issues in patients with mental disorders among the community. This study held to identify the effects of CMHN training in increasing the quality of body-image of patients with mental disorders. The type of research used pre and post quasi experimental test with nonequivalent control group design. Data from 129 respondents (intervention group of 69 and control group of 60) on body image, shows that there is a significant difference (p<0.05), meaning that there is an increase in the quality of body-image after intervention. Intervention group (p=0.033) and control group (p=0.075) show that increase in the quality of body-image only applies to the invention group. Providing training on CMHN was effective to improve body-image quality of patients with mental disorders.

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DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v9i4.20514
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