The Effects of Conflict, Displacement, and Migration on the Health of Refugee and Conflict-Stricken Populations in the Middle East

Selma Nouri

Abstract


With an upsurge in displacement and violence in the Middle East, the global refugee crisis has reached an all-time high. From Syria, to Myanmar, to Iraq, over 68 million innocent people have been forced to flee their homes due to violence, famine, governmental instability, or genocide, leaving their entire lives behind them with the hopes of finding peace, shelter, and safety. However, settling into camps and host countries poses many challenges that tend to exacerbate the mental and emotional baggage that the refugees carried with them from home. Rather than settling into better and more humane living conditions, most refugees are faced with realities that deny them a dignified life and fulfillment of their capabilities. More often than not, refugees living in refugee camps and host countries are faced with minimal and insufficient healthcare, extreme and life-threatening poverty, inhumane living conditions, and discrimination.

Due to the horrors and battles that they are forced to face, both before and after migration, most refugees suffer from severe and life-threatening physical and mental health issues. However, these diseases and internal battles are often overlooked, leaving most conflict-stricken countries and refugee camps ill-equipped and unable to cope with these relentless diseases. This research paper aims to analyze the harsh conditions that refugees and conflict-stricken populations are currently forced to face, as well as the effects of those conditions on the spread of communicable and noncommunicable diseases, the development and growth of neonatal disorders, and the overall increase in mental health diseases. This paper also aims to suggest specific measures that can be taken in order to prevent the rise in mental and physical health issues amongst these vulnerable populations and recommend steps that international bodies and non-governmental organizations can take in order to solve the refugee health crisis, with a specific focus on populations in the Middle East.




DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v8i3.18590
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International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS)
p-ISSN: 2252-8806, e-ISSN: 2620-4126

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