Enteric Diseases in pet Animals; A Retrospective investigation of the records of Alhelal Alazraq veterinary clinic in Tripoli, Libya 2010-2015

Mohamed O Ahmed, Hiam R Elnageh, Abojala Elhashmi Ammar, Emadulddin A Abdulkarim, Ali Alareid, Murad A Hiblu

Abstract


Recording and documentation of data are key elements to understand the epidemiology of various infectious and zoonotic diseases. Enteric pathogens are an emerging global concern increasingly reported from humans and mainly associated with animals. The clinical records of Alhelal Alazraq veterinary clinic in Tripoli were investigated for enteric diseases and illnesses in cats and dogs during the period of 2010 –2015. The diagnostic and therapeutic guidelines within the Libyan veterinary system will also be discussed. A total of 859 cases representing 528 (61%) from cats and 331 (39%) from dogs were retrieved and analysed using descriptive analysis. The cases were originated from five main areas from the center of Tripoli and the surrounding areas. Of these, 835/859 (97%) cases adopted antimicrobial based therapies and administered various antibiotic classes mainly and respectively using penicillin (652; 78%) and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (229; 27%).The current study is the first retrospective investigation that analysed clinical and medical information from a major veterinary clinic in Libya. This investigation revealed novel information on the presence of household pets in Tripoli and provided important insights on the occurrence of enteric diseases among pet animals. Diagnostic and therapeutic guidelines in the veterinary settings in Libya should be carefully reviewed and addressed. Retrospective studies and research programmes that monitor and investigate the occurrences of zoonotic and emerging pathogens particularly in relation to antimicrobial resistance are warranted in the Libyan health and medical systems.




DOI: http://doi.org/10.11591/ijphs.v8i3.14834
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International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS)
p-ISSN: 2252-8806, e-ISSN: 2620-4126

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